Betta Fish

Betta fish (Betta sp.) Better known by the name Siammese Fighting Fish comes from the region of Southeast Asia: Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia. Many species and each has its own advantages. These fish are carnivorous and most are very aggressive, especially the males, so it is often used as a fish to fight.
Betta Splendens
Will fight with each other when mixed. Betta fish a lot of fans so much held the contest. Many people who have cultivated the betta fish to produce new varieties. Caring for Betta fish are basically not difficult, especially these small fish and can be kept in a small place.
Simply by maintaining conditions suitable and appropriate live feed that this fish is always healthy. How to spawn betta fish are of two kinds. There is a way to make foam nests , some are incubating eggs in the mouth, depending on the type and species.

Types of Betta Fish

In general, people divide into three types of betta fish. Namely: fighter betta fish, ornamental fish Betta, Betta fish nature. Betta fish fighter has a strong muscular body and short fins, and aggressive. Natural betta fish is a fish that had just taken from the wild, generally not much or have never been cultivated.
Natural character is often aggressive, there fins are short and there are long, and the color depends on its type. While Betta fish for the contest is a hybrid varieties of betta fish and a natural fighter.

Betta Anabatoides ( Witte & SCHMIDT )
With common names pearly betta . Sold in the market. The maximum size reached 12 cm. Cylindrical body shape. Somewhat yellow-green, there is a dark side of the body. Anal fin long greenish. This fish comes from the waters of Sumatra and Borneo, the fish has not been cultivated. Temperature suitable for these fish 26-28 ' Celsius. Natural food such as tubifex worms, blood worms, or water fleas (Daphnia sp).

Betta Anabatoides

Betta Channoides ( Kottelat & Ng , 1994)
Albimarginata included in the group. Channoides is one wild Betta fish are popular because of its attractive and easily obtainable existence. The name is derived from the word Betta Channoides channa (latina) which means the head of the snake, because his head that resembles the head of a snake. The males, in maroon with white stripes on the fins, while females paler. Adult betta fish measuring up to 5 cm. Life in Borneo river, the water is calm brownish due to spoilage of dry leaves and roots of trees.

Temperatures around 24-27 degrees Celsius. With pH 5-6 and GH less than 1 (very soft). Maintenance is easy, because these fish can be peaceful and live together in an aquarium. To resemble the habitats in nature, should be given water plants and rocks to keep them comfortable and not stressed. 

Partial water changes can be done every week. Wear water immersion ketapan leaves (leaves of tropical almond) to condition the water to match the pH is low, although they are tolerant of water conditions. Betta Channoides can be fed live or pellets. Suggested given pellets with high protein content because it can increase appetite and less susceptible to disease. Reproduce by means mouthbrooder.
Betta Channoides

Betta Coccina ( Joerg VIERKE , 1979)
Have a maximum size of 5.6 cm smaller body that almost did not differ between males and females, although there is a trend of smaller females. Coccina name that means red wine refers to the color of the body and fins. Bubblenester coccina betta is a type, are found in Indonesia and Malaysia. However, in Malaysia this fish is now very hard to find.

In Malaysia called Betta fish leeches, living in calm water habitats are lightly browned. This fish likes water very acidic concentrated brownish color due to the decay of leaves and stems of trees that have a pH of about 4 to dH KH 0-4 and 0. The water temperature ranges from 24-27 degrees Celsius. Although his body is elongated with a male body color brighter than females, in which the adult is almost very difficult to distinguish the sex. 

Body color light brown to dark brown and red color fins more like wine color and the tail fin and dorsal found black spots. In the adult male can be seen two horizontal lines extending beyond the dark brown eyes. In coccina young males often seen the spots are round bluish green on his body, which when mature will disappear. But at the same species there are also male coccina that does not have the green spot.

Betta Coccina

Betta fasciata w ( Betta Belica )
The name generally is Stripped Fighting Fish. Maximum size to 10 cm. Greenish black color with a little blue ribbons transverse rows beside the body. Fin slightly darker color. Females are smaller and shorter fins. The tail fin is long enough. Scattered in the waters of Sumatra and Borneo. This fish can not be cultured. Are carnivores, just want natural food such as worms and daphnia.

Betta Fasciata W

Betta Imbelis ( LADIGES , 1975)
The name generally is siammese fighting fish. This fish comes from the waters of Indonesia. Fighter fish is often used as a bet. Many carried hybridization with Betta splendens which produces many varieties of fish contest. Although this fish fights but can be kept in groups large quantities. The maximum size of up to 5 cm.
Betta Imbelis

Maintenance in temperatures between 23-26 degrees Celsius and pH 7.0 and 10 dH. Feed can be given in the form of natural food and frozen food such as frozen blood worms. These fish spawn in a way to make foam nests.

Betta pugnax ( Cantor , 1850)
Penang mouthbrooding Fighter. Betta fish originating from Malaysia and Borneo 's a lot of rather elongated body and large. The size can be up to 10 cm. Just like other betta fish in water quality maintenance needs. These fish include the brooding kid in the mouth.

Betta Pugnax

Betta splendens ( REGAN , 1909)
The name generally is Siammese Fighting fish. This fish is the forerunner of many types and varieties of betta fish contest that exist today. Size reaches 5 to 6.5 cm. Dorsal fin elongated body with a fairly wide. Caudal fin in the middle and a little bit elongated. How these fish spawn with bubble nest.

Betta Splendens

Betta taeniata ( REGAN , 1909)
Banded Fighter. As a fighter fish. Maximum size reached 8-9 cm. Body shape is cylindrical, with a rounded tail fin like a fan. Anal fin extends to the middle of the body. Greenish brown, with longitudinal black stripe from the tip of the mouth to the tip of the gill cover. The males are nicer color than the females. The feed is natural feed. The spread of these fish in the waters of Sumatra and Malaysia. Not much cultivated, so that production is still much caught from the wild. To maintain the optimum temperature required 26-30 degrees Celsius with neutral water.

Betta Taeniata

Caring for Betta Fish

Maintenance betta fish is actually not difficult either in the tank or in combination, in pairs or groups, although sometimes they are fighting each other. The water can be rendapan tropical almond leaves rather thick due to the acidity of the water like pH 4-6. Yellow water from soaking the leaves of tropical almond is also a astrigen to make the fish become more brightly colored.

Tropical Almond Leaves
To create an atmosphere resembling habitat in nature, may also be given water plants and rocks to keep them comfortable and not stressed. Because of the behavior and valuable in the market is the selection on the male gender is recommended. The males, which is better separated from the females. In betta fish fins wide contest the maintenance in a small container or tank as do the farmers.

Betta Fish Tank

Betta Fish Pond

Generally, female fish are not kept apart to be used as broodstock. Substitution of water can be done once a week by 30 %. The acidity of the water must be maintained by providing tropical almond leaf sheets that have been dried on any replacement water. Cultivated together with the water temperature to be replaced. To replace the water that has been allowed to put up at least 24 hours.

Several types of betta loves to jump , then every time the tank must be closed. The water level is not more than 30 cm, because they live in their natural habitat on the water levels are low. Optimal temperature betta fish on average is around 24-28 degrees Celsius, although it still depends on the type of fish.

The water should be slightly acidic to neutral pH, and that is soft. Feed can be daphnia, mosquito larvae or high protein pellets. Feeding should not be too much so as not to pollute the water. Fighter fish feeding on these very carefully to maintain stamina.

Daphnia sp

Mosquito Larvae
Betta Pellet