Dogs need to have a cage so that there is a time in which the dog in the stable, and there is time released so as not to be naughty, wild or unruly. If dogs are not caged, but tied to a pole for ever, psychologically dog will feel less free and less attention.

Feeding Older Dogs To Stay Healthy

Dogs that are older than five years in general have a condition that begins to decline. At that age usually have started to decline in the movement of the stomach which then causes the absorption of food decreased from 40 % to 60 %. 

Food for Dogs

Best Dog Training Books
Best Dog Training Books
Carnivorous animals including dogs, are carnivores. Therefore, the true food for dogs is fresh meat. For simplicity it is provided in the form of pellet feed.

How to Take Care of Puppies

Best Dog Training Books
Best Dog Training Books
Once separated from its mother, the puppy will have a very difficult transition period for 1-2 months. At this time puppies should be treated carefully.

The Importance of Vaccination on Dogs

Best Dog Training Books
Best Dog Training Books
For the safety of the dog and its owner, the dog needs to be vaccinated as early as possible. With the dog vaccination immunity. Within one year of the dog is protected from certain diseases according vaccine given.

Best Dog Training Books Chapter Four

Chest Examination

Best Dog Training Books
Best Dog Training Books

Usually the chest area not much attention. Generally, because few people know about the disease. If her chest looks flared normally, there is no significant change,


Ear examination

Best Dog Training Books
Best Dog Training Books
First, see if the ear hole looks dark brown liquid, sometimes smelling not known , whether there is excessive ticks so swollen ears, swelling or ears remain smooth without injury or no significant change in the skin, or feel itching on the ear. If nothing happens means your dog safe.

Dog Health

Identifying and Checking Techniques Dog Health

You as a dog owner should learn how to check the health of the dog and would diligently do it every day in order not to be missed: your pet dog suddenly become ill or die.

Best Dog Training Books
Best Dog Training Books
First, you must learn to do the examination and want to do it every day. Having memorized and understood, sometimes just

Betta Fish Breeding

Truly an experienced breeder was not always successful breeding betta fish, betta fish breeder experienced already been successful when reaching a minimum success rate of 60 %. This means that of all the eggs, fry who lived about 60 %.

Many beginners who failed to pass during the first two weeks of breeding betta fish. The question that often arises from the first-time beginner breeding betta fish fry is why often die in the first few weeks, why eat the eggs and the male parent her own child, how to give feed the young fry?.
Some things are the key to success in raising betta fish, especially in the critical period the first two weeks of life that needs to be considered is.  


Sires plays an important role in spawning, both male and female parent. Choose ripe broodstock for spawning. That is old enough. Betta fish entering productive after more than 4 months old, then you should select a 6 month old who has been really productive.

Healthy male parent, no defects, have good genes and should be larger than the female parent. This is so that when spawning, the male should be able to roll that females spawning is complete. Healthy males will be able to produce enough foam nest for her eggs and put the hard work can go up and down the aquarium care for fry after hatching. The female parent should look fat containing eggs and ready to spawn.

Male parent will play an important role in the maintenance of seed during the critical first two weeks. Good male parent is to care for the eggs and their children. Male parent should remain with their children during the first two weeks, while the female parent removed from the aquarium immediately after spawning.



Water is very influential on survival of newly hatched fry. Water conditions should be stable and in accordance with the betta fish habitat. Parameters such as water temperature, pH, and hardness must be maintained and drastic changes in the parameters that should be avoided.
The recommended temperature 24-26 degrees, pH 6.5 to 7.2 and a hardness of 8.5 -10 dH. Water should also be clean of food debris and grime. Levels of ammonia dissolved in water decomposes into nitrite may increase if there is a lot of dirt, so it will reduce the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by seed.

When the nitrite content exceeds 0.2 mg / liter, would endanger the life of the fish. High Ammonia can also be toxic to fish, then try the fry feeding is not excessive. Male parent also serves to be able to spend the rest of the food in the aquarium, of course, with the appropriate amount. Water can be replaced 30 % after the age of 10 days to seed, the manure aspirated using a new water hose and given as much water is wasted. 



Seed needs food that matches the size of his mouth, many fry deaths from starvation due to lack of adequate food and meet their individual needs. Gave an excellent live food for fry. Feeding food scraps do not go overboard because it can be foul and poison the fish. Live feed is commonly given infusoria, microworm, vinegar eel, artemia and daphnia. That must be considered is the portion of food, feed should be spent by the seed within two minutes and given twice a day, every morning and afternoon.

Environmental Conditions

Weather conditions often extremely inhospitable, because frequent changes. The weather affects the lives of seed. Drastic temperature changes result in changes in water temperature in the spawning aquarium. Seed requires a stable temperature because it is still very vulnerable. Avoid aquarium from the heat immediately and rain. Spawning aquarium should be placed in the room that is away from the outside weather changes.

Outside disorders

At the time of spawning, the aquarium should be closed, both walls of the aquarium as well as on it by using paper or other cover. Parent betta fish will be stressed if no outside distractions such as passing people, cats, dogs and even betta fish respective owners. Usually beginners who really want to know the development of spawning often see the fish, thus unconsciously make the male parent is interrupted. As a result the male parent can take in an effort to protect their children.

Swimming Enlargement

Broader rearing ponds can help the process resulting in faster growth of large seed. Seed can be moved to rearing ponds at the age of seven days. Rearing ponds also provide opportunities for fry can enjoy a wider space. Noteworthy is the aquarium water parameters between spawning and rearing ponds should be the same, so that environmental changes do not cause the death of the seed. All male parent can be moved into the pond to fry two weeks of age.

Spawning with Bubblenester

Several types of betta fish spawn by making a nest of foam. Examples are fish betta splendens already spawning many people. Spawning sites can be in a small aquarium or tub equipped floating aquatic plants as nest to attach foam. Parent mature male gonads included in the spawning container and when it is made ​​of foam nest, the female parent can be mixed mature gonads.
Betta Fish Breeding
Betta Fish Breeding

If they match then there will be spawning, but if not then the mother would be attacked until the wound. Replace it with a suitable female. If the parent is fit, spawning occurs in a way the male will embrace the female parent to put his body into the female's body in the water column near the surface near the froth.

Going out and fertilized eggs were males. Male parent will take the fertilized eggs in her mouth and laid in foam nests. Repeatedly until the eggs run out. When you have exhausted the female will be silent corner of the base of the container. And should be removed from the place of spawning females. The male parent will care for the eggs until they hatch, the larvae will be treated as well as until it can find their own food.

Larval rearing workable treatments like fish larvae in general. Spawning betta coccina another and not as easy splendens. In a match is not necessarily the male and female parent will want to spawn even if placed in the same container until whenever. To work around this, a set of betta coccina left to choose their own spouses, if the pair already look destined then lifted and separated on its own spawning aquarium.

Although it is destined to remain patient because sometimes many months then both would spawn. Spawning in the aquarium should be given a little floating aquatic plants as a hiding place. Like a regular betta spawning, the male betta will make foam coccina under water plants then he would roll and females lay their eggs in the foam nests.
Betta Fish Breeding
Betta Fish Breeding

When spawning, both showed beautiful color and become very aggressive. The females may be more fierce and can even kill the males. At the time of spawning, the female parent will dwell rigid while the male parent will be flushed and fertilize the female egg. The eggs then collected and placed in a foam nest. After spawning is complete, the male will drive the female away from the nest foam, and can be removed.
Usually three days later the eggs will hatch. The number of seed usually is not much, only about 30-50 tails. Male parent was appointed after the fry can swim normally and allowed to live their own seed.

Spawning Mouthbrooder

Several other types of betta fish will spawn in a way incubating eggs in the mouth as the Betta channoides. Spawning takes place with ease , both in the community and spawning aquarium specific, ie only one pair of the container. When spawning takes place, the color of the parent will be more interesting.
Betta Fish Breeding
Betta Fish Breeding

As with other types of betta fish, spawning is done between males and females with a circular embrace each other. Parent females release eggs and immediately fertilized by the male parent. Male parent will take the eggs and incubating eggs in the mouth for 12-14 days before her children removed from her mouth. The number of fry ranged between 3-40 tail. Unlike splendens, breeding channoides can together maintain her without prey
see also how to train dogs

Betta Fish

Betta fish (Betta sp.) Better known by the name Siammese Fighting Fish comes from the region of Southeast Asia: Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia. Many species and each has its own advantages. These fish are carnivorous and most are very aggressive, especially the males, so it is often used as a fish to fight.
Betta Splendens
Will fight with each other when mixed. Betta fish a lot of fans so much held the contest. Many people who have cultivated the betta fish to produce new varieties. Caring for Betta fish are basically not difficult, especially these small fish and can be kept in a small place.
Simply by maintaining conditions suitable and appropriate live feed that this fish is always healthy. How to spawn betta fish are of two kinds. There is a way to make foam nests , some are incubating eggs in the mouth, depending on the type and species.

Types of Betta Fish

In general, people divide into three types of betta fish. Namely: fighter betta fish, ornamental fish Betta, Betta fish nature. Betta fish fighter has a strong muscular body and short fins, and aggressive. Natural betta fish is a fish that had just taken from the wild, generally not much or have never been cultivated.
Natural character is often aggressive, there fins are short and there are long, and the color depends on its type. While Betta fish for the contest is a hybrid varieties of betta fish and a natural fighter.

Betta Anabatoides ( Witte & SCHMIDT )
With common names pearly betta . Sold in the market. The maximum size reached 12 cm. Cylindrical body shape. Somewhat yellow-green, there is a dark side of the body. Anal fin long greenish. This fish comes from the waters of Sumatra and Borneo, the fish has not been cultivated. Temperature suitable for these fish 26-28 ' Celsius. Natural food such as tubifex worms, blood worms, or water fleas (Daphnia sp).

Betta Anabatoides

Betta Channoides ( Kottelat & Ng , 1994)
Albimarginata included in the group. Channoides is one wild Betta fish are popular because of its attractive and easily obtainable existence. The name is derived from the word Betta Channoides channa (latina) which means the head of the snake, because his head that resembles the head of a snake. The males, in maroon with white stripes on the fins, while females paler. Adult betta fish measuring up to 5 cm. Life in Borneo river, the water is calm brownish due to spoilage of dry leaves and roots of trees.

Temperatures around 24-27 degrees Celsius. With pH 5-6 and GH less than 1 (very soft). Maintenance is easy, because these fish can be peaceful and live together in an aquarium. To resemble the habitats in nature, should be given water plants and rocks to keep them comfortable and not stressed. 

Partial water changes can be done every week. Wear water immersion ketapan leaves (leaves of tropical almond) to condition the water to match the pH is low, although they are tolerant of water conditions. Betta Channoides can be fed live or pellets. Suggested given pellets with high protein content because it can increase appetite and less susceptible to disease. Reproduce by means mouthbrooder.
Betta Channoides

Betta Coccina ( Joerg VIERKE , 1979)
Have a maximum size of 5.6 cm smaller body that almost did not differ between males and females, although there is a trend of smaller females. Coccina name that means red wine refers to the color of the body and fins. Bubblenester coccina betta is a type, are found in Indonesia and Malaysia. However, in Malaysia this fish is now very hard to find.

In Malaysia called Betta fish leeches, living in calm water habitats are lightly browned. This fish likes water very acidic concentrated brownish color due to the decay of leaves and stems of trees that have a pH of about 4 to dH KH 0-4 and 0. The water temperature ranges from 24-27 degrees Celsius. Although his body is elongated with a male body color brighter than females, in which the adult is almost very difficult to distinguish the sex. 

Body color light brown to dark brown and red color fins more like wine color and the tail fin and dorsal found black spots. In the adult male can be seen two horizontal lines extending beyond the dark brown eyes. In coccina young males often seen the spots are round bluish green on his body, which when mature will disappear. But at the same species there are also male coccina that does not have the green spot.

Betta Coccina

Betta fasciata w ( Betta Belica )
The name generally is Stripped Fighting Fish. Maximum size to 10 cm. Greenish black color with a little blue ribbons transverse rows beside the body. Fin slightly darker color. Females are smaller and shorter fins. The tail fin is long enough. Scattered in the waters of Sumatra and Borneo. This fish can not be cultured. Are carnivores, just want natural food such as worms and daphnia.

Betta Fasciata W

Betta Imbelis ( LADIGES , 1975)
The name generally is siammese fighting fish. This fish comes from the waters of Indonesia. Fighter fish is often used as a bet. Many carried hybridization with Betta splendens which produces many varieties of fish contest. Although this fish fights but can be kept in groups large quantities. The maximum size of up to 5 cm.
Betta Imbelis

Maintenance in temperatures between 23-26 degrees Celsius and pH 7.0 and 10 dH. Feed can be given in the form of natural food and frozen food such as frozen blood worms. These fish spawn in a way to make foam nests.

Betta pugnax ( Cantor , 1850)
Penang mouthbrooding Fighter. Betta fish originating from Malaysia and Borneo 's a lot of rather elongated body and large. The size can be up to 10 cm. Just like other betta fish in water quality maintenance needs. These fish include the brooding kid in the mouth.

Betta Pugnax

Betta splendens ( REGAN , 1909)
The name generally is Siammese Fighting fish. This fish is the forerunner of many types and varieties of betta fish contest that exist today. Size reaches 5 to 6.5 cm. Dorsal fin elongated body with a fairly wide. Caudal fin in the middle and a little bit elongated. How these fish spawn with bubble nest.

Betta Splendens

Betta taeniata ( REGAN , 1909)
Banded Fighter. As a fighter fish. Maximum size reached 8-9 cm. Body shape is cylindrical, with a rounded tail fin like a fan. Anal fin extends to the middle of the body. Greenish brown, with longitudinal black stripe from the tip of the mouth to the tip of the gill cover. The males are nicer color than the females. The feed is natural feed. The spread of these fish in the waters of Sumatra and Malaysia. Not much cultivated, so that production is still much caught from the wild. To maintain the optimum temperature required 26-30 degrees Celsius with neutral water.

Betta Taeniata

Caring for Betta Fish

Maintenance betta fish is actually not difficult either in the tank or in combination, in pairs or groups, although sometimes they are fighting each other. The water can be rendapan tropical almond leaves rather thick due to the acidity of the water like pH 4-6. Yellow water from soaking the leaves of tropical almond is also a astrigen to make the fish become more brightly colored.

Tropical Almond Leaves
To create an atmosphere resembling habitat in nature, may also be given water plants and rocks to keep them comfortable and not stressed. Because of the behavior and valuable in the market is the selection on the male gender is recommended. The males, which is better separated from the females. In betta fish fins wide contest the maintenance in a small container or tank as do the farmers.

Betta Fish Tank

Betta Fish Pond

Generally, female fish are not kept apart to be used as broodstock. Substitution of water can be done once a week by 30 %. The acidity of the water must be maintained by providing tropical almond leaf sheets that have been dried on any replacement water. Cultivated together with the water temperature to be replaced. To replace the water that has been allowed to put up at least 24 hours.

Several types of betta loves to jump , then every time the tank must be closed. The water level is not more than 30 cm, because they live in their natural habitat on the water levels are low. Optimal temperature betta fish on average is around 24-28 degrees Celsius, although it still depends on the type of fish.

The water should be slightly acidic to neutral pH, and that is soft. Feed can be daphnia, mosquito larvae or high protein pellets. Feeding should not be too much so as not to pollute the water. Fighter fish feeding on these very carefully to maintain stamina.

Daphnia sp

Mosquito Larvae
Betta Pellet


Crown Betta Fish

Crowntail betta fish from Indonesia. Highly admired form of fins betta fish enthusiasts around the world. Dr. Gene A. Lucas fish researchers in Germany in the article The Crown Tail Makes the Scene: More on Fringe Finned Betta in Freshwater and Marine Aquarium magazine in 2001 wrote, "do you know about crowntail? If not, something special has passed".
Crown Betta Fish
Crown Betta Fish


Betta fish come from waters around southeast asia. Betta fish became popular in the 1960s. Betta fish are often referred to as Siamese fighting fish, or betta Siamese because black stocky body and short finned. That was the beginning of ornamental betta fish originated.

Caring Your Dogs

Why Do Most People Choose Dogs as Pets?

Best Dog Training Books
Best Dog Training Books
Because a dog is an animal that can be trained and loyal to its owner. Your dog can be a smart and loyal if you care for and love him with all my heart.